parrot

Śukasaptati शुकसप्तति (Seventy tales of a Parrot) is an ancient collection of erotica written in Sanskrit and translated into several Indian and world languages including Persian, Arabic, Malay, English etc. The word Śukasaptati is derived from the Sanskrit words Śuka (Parrot) and saptati (seventy). The background story of Śukasaptati is about a wife whose husband is away from home. The wife wants to run away with her lover. A parrot, clever and shrewd, tells seventy erotic stories, each one arousing more curiosity than the other in the woman, and continues till the return of her husband. The earliest surviving Śukasaptati manuscript is from the fifteenth century. But a reference to Sukasaptati exists even in late-twelfth-century literature. A Persian adaptation of Śukasaptati, called Tutinama, was composed in the 14th century. A lavishly illustrated version of Tutinama was created for Mughal Emperor Akbar in the later half of the sixteenth century. In Hindi-Urdu it is popularly known as Tota-Maina ki Kahani तोता मैना की कहानी or ShukBahottari शुकबहोत्तरी.